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Delphi获取硬件信息

作者:admin 来源:未知 日期:2010-5-23 21:11:45 人气: 标签:

unit gethardware;
interface
uses
Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms, Dialogs,
StdCtrls;
type
TForm1 = class(TForm)
Button1: TButton;
Label1: TLabel;
Label2: TLabel;
Label3: TLabel;
Label4: TLabel;
procedure Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
private
{ Private declarations }
public
{ Public declarations }
end;
function GetDisplayFrequency: Integer;
function GetIdeSerialNumber: pchar;
function GetCPUSpeed: Double;
var
Form1: TForm1;
implementation
{$R *.DFM}
procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
begin
label1.caption:='Current DisplayFrequency:'+inttostr(GetDisplayFrequency)+' Hz';
label2.Caption:='HardDriver SerialNumber:'+strpas(GetIdeSerialNumber);
label4.caption:='Current CPU Speed:'+floattostr(GetCPUSpeed)+'MHz';
end;
function GetDisplayFrequency: Integer;
var
DeviceMode: TDeviceMode;
// 这个函数返回的显示刷新率是以Hz为单位的
begin
EnumDisplaySettings(nil, Cardinal(-1), DeviceMode);
Result := DeviceMode.dmDisplayFrequency;
end;
//获取第一个IDE硬盘的序列号
function GetIdeSerialNumber : pchar;
const IDENTIFY_BUFFER_SIZE = 512;
type
TIDERegs = packed record
bFeaturesReg : BYTE; // Used for specifying SMART "commands".
bSectorCountReg : BYTE; // IDE sector count register
bSectorNumberReg : BYTE; // IDE sector number register
bCylLowReg : BYTE; // IDE low order cylinder value
bCylHighReg : BYTE; // IDE high order cylinder value
bDriveHeadReg : BYTE; // IDE drive/head register
bCommandReg : BYTE; // Actual IDE command.
bReserved : BYTE; // reserved for future use. Must be zero.
end;
TSendCmdInParams = packed record
// Buffer size in bytes
cBufferSize : DWORD;
// Structure with drive register values.
irDriveRegs : TIDERegs;
// Physical drive number to send command to (0,1,2,3).
bDriveNumber : BYTE;
bReserved : Array[0..2] of Byte;
dwReserved : Array[0..3] of DWORD;
bBuffer : Array[0..0] of Byte; // Input buffer.
end;
TIdSector = packed record
wGenConfig : Word;
wNumCyls : Word;
wReserved : Word;
wNumHeads : Word;
wBytesPerTrack : Word;
wBytesPerSector : Word;
wSectorsPerTrack : Word;
wVendorUnique : Array[0..2] of Word;
sSerialNumber : Array[0..19] of CHAR;
wBufferType : Word;
wBufferSize : Word;
wECCSize : Word;
sFirmwareRev : Array[0..7] of Char;
sModelNumber : Array[0..39] of Char;
wMoreVendorUnique : Word;
wDoubleWordIO : Word;
wCapabilities : Word;
wReserved1 : Word;
wPIOTiming : Word;
wDMATiming : Word;
wBS : Word;
wNumCurrentCyls : Word;
wNumCurrentHeads : Word;
wNumCurrentSectorsPerTrack : Word;
ulCurrentSectorCapacity : DWORD;
wMultSectorStuff : Word;
ulTotalAddressableSectors : DWORD;
wSingleWordDMA : Word;
wMultiWordDMA : Word;
bReserved : Array[0..127] of BYTE;
end;
PIdSector = ^TIdSector;
TDriverStatus = packed record
// 驱动器返回的错误代码,无错则返回0
bDriverError : Byte;
// IDE出错寄存器的内容,只有当bDriverError 为 SMART_IDE_ERROR 时有效
bIDEStatus : Byte;
bReserved : Array[0..1] of Byte;
dwReserved : Array[0..1] of DWORD;
end;
TSendCmdOutParams = packed record
// bBuffer的大小
cBufferSize : DWORD;
// 驱动器状态
DriverStatus : TDriverStatus;
// 用于保存从驱动器读出的数据的缓冲区,实际长度由cBufferSize决定
bBuffer : Array[0..0] of BYTE;
end;
var hDevice : THandle;
cbBytesReturned : DWORD;
ptr : PChar;
SCIP : TSendCmdInParams;
aIdOutCmd : Array [0..(SizeOf(TSendCmdOutParams)+IDENTIFY_BUFFER_SIZE-1)-1] of Byte;
IdOutCmd : TSendCmdOutParams absolute aIdOutCmd;
procedure ChangeByteOrder( var Data; Size : Integer );
var ptr : PChar;
i : Integer;
c : Char;
begin
ptr := @Data;
for i := 0 to (Size shr 1)-1 do begin
c := ptr^;
ptr^ := (ptr+1)^;
(ptr+1)^ := c;
Inc(ptr,2);
end;
end;
begin
Result := ''; // 如果出错则返回空串
if SysUtils.Win32Platform=VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT then begin// Windows NT, Windows 2000
// 提示! 改变名称可适用于其它驱动器,如第二个驱动器: '\\.\PhysicalDrive1\'
hDevice := CreateFile( '\\.\PhysicalDrive0', GENERIC_READ or GENERIC_WRITE,
FILE_SHARE_READ or FILE_SHARE_WRITE, nil, OPEN_EXISTING, 0, 0 );
end else // Version Windows 95 OSR2, Windows 98
hDevice := CreateFile( '\\.\SMARTVSD', 0, 0, nil, CREATE_NEW, 0, 0 );
if hDevice=INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE then Exit;
try
FillChar(SCIP,SizeOf(TSendCmdInParams)-1,#0);
FillChar(aIdOutCmd,SizeOf(aIdOutCmd),#0);
cbBytesReturned := 0;
// Set up data structures for IDENTIFY command.
with SCIP do begin
cBufferSize := IDENTIFY_BUFFER_SIZE;
// bDriveNumber := 0;
with irDriveRegs do begin
bSectorCountReg := 1;
bSectorNumberReg := 1;
// if Win32Platform=VER_PLATFORM_WIN32_NT then bDriveHeadReg := $A0
// else bDriveHeadReg := $A0 or ((bDriveNum and 1) shl 4);
bDriveHeadReg := $A0;
bCommandReg := $EC;
end;
end;
if not DeviceIoControl( hDevice, $0007c088, @SCIP, SizeOf(TSendCmdInParams)-1,
@aIdOutCmd, SizeOf(aIdOutCmd), cbBytesReturned, nil ) then Exit;
finally
CloseHandle(hDevice);
end;
with PIdSector(@IdOutCmd.bBuffer)^ do begin
ChangeByteOrder( sSerialNumber, SizeOf(sSerialNumber) );
(PChar(@sSerialNumber)+SizeOf(sSerialNumber))^ := #0;
Result := PChar(@sSerialNumber);
end;
end;
// 更多关于 S.M.A.R.T. ioctl 的信息可查看:
// http://www.microsoft.com/hwdev/download/respec/iocltapi.rtf
// MSDN库中也有一些简单的例子
// Windows Development -> Win32 Device Driver Kit ->
// SAMPLE: SmartApp.exe Accesses SMART stats in IDE drives
// 还可以查看 http://www.mtgroup.ru/~alexk
// IdeInfo.zip - 一个简单的使用了S.M.A.R.T. Ioctl API的Delphi应用程序

// 注意:

// WinNT/Win2000 - 你必须拥有对硬盘的读/写访问权限

// Win98
// SMARTVSD.VXD 必须安装到 \windows\system\iosubsys
// (不要忘记在复制后重新启动系统)
function GetCPUSpeed: Double;
const
DelayTime = 500; // 时间单位是毫秒
var
TimerHi, TimerLo: DWORD;
PriorityClass, Priority: Integer;
begin
PriorityClass := GetPriorityClass(GetCurrentProcess);
Priority := GetThreadPriority(GetCurrentThread);
SetPriorityClass(GetCurrentProcess, REALTIME_PRIORITY_CLASS);
SetThreadPriority(GetCurrentThread, THREAD_PRIORITY_TIME_CRITICAL);
Sleep(10);
asm
dw 310Fh // rdtsc
mov TimerLo, eax
mov TimerHi, edx
end;
Sleep(DelayTime);
asm
dw 310Fh // rdtsc
sub eax, TimerLo
sbb edx, TimerHi
mov TimerLo, eax
mov TimerHi, edx
end;
SetThreadPriority(GetCurrentThread, Priority);
SetPriorityClass(GetCurrentProcess, PriorityClass);
Result := TimerLo (1000.0 * DelayTime);
end;
end
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